In 1994, Isiolo was a desolate, outback town, experiencing some of its most violent tribal clashes. In response to the spread of HIV, a group of women came together to spread messages of hope for those who were abandoned and banished from society. Among them was Pepo La Tumaini founder, Khadija Omar. Initially, Khadija and the women supported people with AIDS during the final stages of their illness so they could die with peace and dignity. As the ostracised community grew, the nutritional and emotional needs of the ailing became greater – Khadija led marches and protests through town, with the sick in wheelbarrows, demanding soap and blankets from the nearest government hospital. In 1996, the 'forgotten' community built their first group structure – the mud hut clinic to serve those in need of intensive care. In 1998 the project formally registered as a community based organisation in Kenya and began collaborating with other aid and government bodies to address the needs of the population and stall the transmission of HIV. Over the years, more buildings and permanent community structures arose, all built by those that live here, to meet the many social and economic problems stemming from the HIV pandemic.